Dietary nutrition in hypertensive patients with overweight and hyperinsulinemia

V.N. Kramareva, L.N. Polonskaya, I.O. Merculova, Yu.V. Tyravska, V.G. Lizogub

Abstract


Influence of diet low in simple carbohydrates on body mass index, insulin level and fibrinolysis parameters was studied in patients with arterial hypertension, overweight and hyperinsulinemia. Fifty patients aged 27–64 years were examined. Twenty six patients (group control) received standard antihypertensive therapy. Twenty four patients (main group) received the same therapy plus diet low in simple carbohydrates. An indicated diet restricting the intake of carbohydrates was prescribed for a 12-week period and made it possible to decrease body mass index (by 7 %), insulin level (by 27.8 %) and to increase significantly the activity of fibrinolysis.

Keywords


arterial hypertension; diet low in simple carbohydrates; body mass index; insulin level; activity of fibrinolysis

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-1485.4.54.2017.109542

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