Methods for the measurement of blood pressure by doctors and patients
The arterial pressure measured in the doctor’s office is called office blood pressure (BP), while at home — home blood pressure. When the patient independently measures BP at home, it’s called self-monitoring of blood pressure. When blood pressure is measured during the day with a special portable device — ambulatory, or 24-hour, blood pressure monitoring. The auscultatory method is the official standard of non-invasive BP determination for the diagnosis of arterial hypertension. In addition, it is used for non-invasive verification of automatic blood pressure monitors. Today, oscillometric instruments account for more than 80 % of all automatic and semiautomatic devices for home measurement of blood pressure. Among the modern professional devices for ambulatory measurement and monitoring of blood pressure, oscillometric devices account for about half, up to 25 % — auscultatory devices, and 25 % — combined ones. Mercury sphygmomanometer remains the simplest manual device for measuring blood pressure. The accuracy of the method of non-invasive blood pressure measurement by Riva-Rocci and Korotkov was proved with the use of mercury sphygmomanometers. The prohibition of mercury in many countries contributed to the development and dissemination of semi- and fully automa-tic instruments for measuring blood pressure by the method of oscillometry. The blood pressure is measured twice with an interval of 2–3 minutes and the average figure from two measurements is fixed. If the difference between the results is more than 5 mmHg, then it is necessary to measure BP again.
Full Text:PDF (Українська)
Рекомендації Українського товариства кардіологів з профілактики та лікування артеріальної гіпертензії. — К., 2004. — 54 с.
1999 WHO-ISH guidelines for the management of hypertension // J. Hypertension. — 1999. — Vol. 11. — P. 905-916.
2003 European Society of Hypertension — European Society of Cardiology guidelines for management of arterial hypertension // J. Hypertension. — 2003. — Vol. 21. — P. 1011-1053.
El Assaad M.A., Topouchian J.A., Darne B.M., Asmar R.G. Validation of the Omron HEM-907 device for blood pressure measurement // Blood Press. Monit. — 2002. — Vol. 7. — P. 237-241.
Giuseppe Mancia, Robert Fagard, Krzysztof Narkiewicz et al. 2013 ESH/ESC Guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension. The Task Force for the management of arterial hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) // J. Hypertens. — 2013. — Vol. 31, № 7. — P. 1281-1357.
Ioannidis J.P.A. Diagnosis and Treatment of Hypertension in the 2017 ACC/AHA Guidelines and in the Real World // JAMA. — 2018 — Vol. 9; 319(2). — Р. 115-116.
James P.A., Oparil S., Carter B.L. et al. 2014 evidence-based guideline for the management of high blood pressure in adults: report from the panel members appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) // JAMA. — 2014. — Vol. 311(5). — P. 507-520.
Ostchega Y., Zhang G., Hughes J., Nwankwo T. Factors Associated with Hypertension Control in U.S. Adults Using 2017 ACC/AHA Guidelines: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999–2016 // Am. J. Hypertens. — 2018 Mar 29. — doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpy047. [Epub ahead of print]
The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. US Department of Health and Human Service. NIH Publication No. 03-5233, 2003. — 34 p.
White W., Anwar Y. Evaluation of the overall efficacy of the Omron office digital blood pressure HEM-907 monitor in adults // Blood Press. Monit. — 2001. — Vol. 6. — P. 107-110.
2017ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults, Whelton P.K. et al. 2017 High Blood Pressure Clinical Practice Guideline.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2018 HYPERTENSION
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
© Publishing House Zaslavsky, 1997-2018