Evaluation of Fixed Dose Combination Perindopril/Amlodipine Influence on Target Organ Damage in Patients with Arterial Hypertension and Ischemic Heart Disease (Results of EPHES Trial)

H.D. Radchenko, L.O. Mushtenko, O.O. Torbas, S.M. Kushnir, O.A. Yarynkina, S.V. Potashev, Yu.M. Sirenko

Abstract


Introduction. EPHES (Evaluation of influence of fixed dose combination Рerindopril/Amlodipine on target organ damage in patients with arterial HypErtension with or without iSchemic heart disease) trial was intended to evaluate the efficacy of a fixed dose combination of perindopril/amlodipine in terms of reducing blood pressure (BP) and dynamics of target organs damage in patients suffering from arterial hypertension (AH) with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and without it. This article is the result of an analysis of data obtained in patients with AH and clinical signs of IHD.
Materials and methods. The study included 30 patients with AH and verified IHD aged over 30 years. Systolic (SBP) and/or diastolic (DBP) blood pressure level in patients, who had not been treated before, had to be ≥ 160/100 mmHg, but < 200/120 mmHg at baseline; in those, who were on monotherapy or dual combination therapy, — ≥ 140/90 mmHg, but < 200/120 mmHg. All patients on the day of randomization were prescribed a fixed dose combination of perindopril/amlodipine at an initial dose of 5.5 mg once a day. If necessary (BP > 140/90 mmHg), the dose of components of fixed dose combination was increased gradually every 2 weeks up to 10/10 mg, and after 6 weeks of treatment, indapamide 1.5 mg was added. 96.7 % of patients received beta-blockers. All patients underwent: measurement of body weight and height, office levels of SBP, DBP and heart rate, daily BP monitoring, determination of pulse wave velocity in elastic (PWVe) and muscle arteries, central SBP, biochemical blood tests, electrocardiography, echocardiography with Doppler, measurement of ankle-brachial index, intima-media thickness (IMT). The duration of follow-up was 12 months.
Results and discussion. Treatment with a fixed dose combination of perindopril/amlodipine (in doses ranging from 5/5 to
10/10 mg/day) in patients with IHD and AH, which was not controlled in patients receiving beta-blockers and other antihypertensive drugs, provided achieving the target level of SBP and DBP in 76.7 % of cases within 6 weeks. Adding indapamide 1.5 mg daily (n = 7) provided office SBP and DBP control in 100 % of patients during 6 months of treatment. Reduction of office BP was associated with a significant decrease in average daily, day and night SBP/DBP by 20.70 ± 0.08 mmHg, 16.4 ± 0.2 mmHg, 25.1 ± 0.1 mmHg and 12.6 ± 0.1 mmHg, 14.10 ± 0.09 mmHg, 11.5 ± 0.1 mmHg, respectively. Target average daily BP (less than 130/80 mmHg) was achieved in 28 (93.3 %) patients. This reduced variability in day and night SBP/DBP, the average increase of morning SBP and the proportion of patients with morning increase in SBP over 55 mmHg.
Central SBP against the background of this treatment significantly decreased from 141.8 ± 3.5 mmHg to 121.3 ± 2.7 mmHg (P < 0.001). In parallel, there was a significant (P < 0.02) decrease in augmentation index from 29.9 ± 3.2 % to 20.1 ± 1.8 %. Therapy effective in terms of BP control during the year resulted in significant regression of target organ damage: reduced left ventricular hypertrophy, albuminuria level, IMT, improved left ventricular diastolic function and elastic properties of the aorta. Changes in albuminuria level and IMT reliably and regardless of BP changes (both office and central) correlated with changes in PWVe. Antihypertensive therapy was well tolerated by patients — among 31 patients, who received a fixed dose combination of perindopril/amlodipine, adverse events were reported in 3 (10 %), and treatment discontinuation was only in 1 (3.3 %) patient. During treatment, the number of patients with such complaints, as headaches, dizziness, pain in the heart, decreased from 60, 20 and 80 % to 3.3; 0 and 46.7 %, respectively. Among patients, who had angina at baseline, the number of angina attacks per week significantly decreased — from 2.5 ± 0.4 to 1.2 ± 0.2 (P < 0.01).


Keywords


arterial hypertension; ischemic heart disease; target organs; fixed dose combination

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-1485.2.46.2016.74508

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