Risk Factors of Atrial Fibrillation and Outstanding Issues of Its Prevention
Keywords:atrial fibrillation, risk factors, primary prevention, review
AbstractThe article presents the main pathogenetic mechanisms of onset and progression of atrial fibrillation (AF). We analyzed the most common and important risk factors for its development. At the moment, the problem of AF prevention remains unsolved. First of all, we are talking about the primary prevention of AF. Primary prevention of AF is the most effective method for the control of this pathology, which will significantly reduce the incidence of AF, and because of this — the risk of complications and mortality. Unresolved problem of primary prevention of AF is associated with considerable complexity of its implementation. This is due to a very high prevalence and the large number of modifiable risk factors, as well as the presence of such non-modifiable risk factors, such as age and genetic predisposition.
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